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Menampilkan postingan dari Mei, 2024

Encouraging downstream processing: industrial policy or resource nationalism?

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Why is it crucial to consider downstream processing at this time? There has long been a discussion in economic policy circles about downstream processing, most notably in the context of central planning or mercantilism, as evidenced by the former Soviet Union. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the demise of central planning, and the dismal outcomes of industrial policy as it was implemented in both developed and developing nations during the 1970s and 1980s, it would have been simple to assume that this conversation had come to an end. It seemed reasonable to assume that recent history would have provided enough empirical proof to reassure even the most doubtful. Over the last three decades, global trade has expanded at an unprecedented rate, leading to a significant decline in poverty. This can be attributed, at least in part, to specialization and the dispersion of supply chains. Notably, global trade has outpaced global GDP growth, refuting the claims made by proponents of policies

Encouraging downstream processing: industrial policy or resource nationalism?

Gambar
Why is it crucial to consider downstream processing at this time? There has long been a discussion in economic policy circles about downstream processing, most notably in the context of central planning or mercantilism, as evidenced by the former Soviet Union. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the demise of central planning, and the dismal outcomes of industrial policy as it was implemented in both developed and developing nations during the 1970s and 1980s, it would have been simple to assume that this conversation had come to an end. It seemed reasonable to assume that recent history would have provided enough empirical proof to reassure even the most doubtful. Over the last three decades, global trade has expanded at an unprecedented rate, leading to a significant decline in poverty. This can be attributed, at least in part, to specialization and the dispersion of supply chains. Notably, global trade has outpaced global GDP growth, refuting the claims made by proponents of policies

Integrating Sustainability Into Business Models

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While global capitalism has historically made many people around the world rich, it is now facing more economic, environmental, and social problems than ever before. from climate change and a lack of water to fighting over natural resources and their depletion, damage to the environment, and a growing failure to grow enough food to feed everyone. Taking care of related issues of social justice is essential for long-term prosperity. Restoring Eco-system Services and building life-enhancing Air, Food, Energy, and Water (AFEW) sustainable systems locally and nationally are the ways to get to the future. Environmental problems are getting worse on a global, national, and regional level, and long-term answers have not been found. The effects on economies, companies, and communities will make things less prosperous. Because of this new global reality, tools and systems are changing to be more resource-effective and efficient. -How much energy, water, and minerals are used -Carbon and other

How university students' knowledge of green products affects their plans to buy green products: a view from a growing market

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Promoting the environment These days, green marketing is very important in the market. Green marketing includes all marketing activities, such as packaging, product modification, and manufacturing methods that are done in a way that doesn't hurt the environment and still meets customer needs. [21]. According to Pagliacci et al. [56], green marketing is the process of putting green goods on the market without hurting the environment. To put it simply, green marketing is when goods are sold in a way that doesn't hurt the environment. It makes sense that consumers' plans to buy green products are mostly based on how helpful the product is and how much they care about the environment [33]. However, even though consumers said they cared about the environment, this doesn't mean they actually buy or adopt green goods [51, 57]. This is the reason why customers don't do much to promote sustainable consumption [76]. So it makes sense that Dangelico and Vocalelli [21] say &qu

How to Make Your Area a Great Place for Startups

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The things you do as a business owner probably keep you very busy. As a founder, you will always have to put out fires, no matter how great you are or how close you are to starting your own business. Still, you should always find time to build not only your business but also the community around it, even if you have a huge workload. This blog post will show you that building a local startup community is not as hard as it seems and can help you and your startup in many ways. Do you want to make your area a better place for startups? Today is the day to become a Founder Institute Director! Why you should make your local startup ecosystem stronger It's important to think about why you want to help your local startup community before you start doing anything. Helping other business owners in your area can have many benefits for you, your company, and other people as well. Business owners will save the economy. Nate Olson and Cameron Cushman of the Kauffman Foundation write in Forbes ab

How to Avoid the Commercial Real Estate Post-Covid Transformation

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The pandemic slowed global economic growth and affected every industry, including real estate. The lockdowns that forced businesses to close and the shift to remote labor caused a significant transformation in the commercial real estate (CRE) sector. I believe that, more than two years later, we can objectively evaluate the challenges CRE encountered and determine the ongoing effects of this shift on us. The Setting Before COVID-19 And The Upheaval That Took Place The commercial real estate market was booming and expanding steadily before the epidemic. Office space was in high demand, retail spaces were being rented out by the day, and the hospitality sector was flourishing. Developers and investors were often eager to expand and take risks. There were also lots of loans available, often with good terms. The epidemic represented a paradigm change for CRE. Suddenly shopping malls and office buildings were deserted, and many hotels had to cancel. Covid forced the industry to immediatel

How marketing from the top and bottom can work together

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As marketing changes all the time, it's important for your company to know how to use both upstream and downstream marketing. Businesses can get new customers, keep old ones, and make new products with these two methods that work well together. This article will talk about two ideas: upstream marketing and downstream marketing. Lastly, it will look at how the two approaches can be made better by working together. It will show you when each one works best and explain how it works.When you use upstream marketing, you try to figure out what people want and give it to them before they even get the product or service. You have to think about the business and the clients and plan ahead a lot. Stream marketing is all about making sure that the product or service meets the wants of the people who are going to buy it. It helps make sure that the right people get the right thing. How it works: There are many ways to study the market in order to learn about what people like, how they act, and

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Encouraging downstream processing: industrial policy or resource nationalism?

How university students' knowledge of green products affects their plans to buy green products: a view from a growing market

Integrating Sustainability Into Business Models

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